Nigerian BDC Operators and CBN Head for Showdown Amidst Market Manipulation Claims

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Bureau de Change (BDC) operators and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) seem to be on a collision course as tensions rise over market infractions and regulatory expectations. Amid accusations of sabotage and market manipulation by the CBN, the Association of Bureau de Change of Nigeria (ABCON) is engaging with the regulator to address unmet expectations, setting the stage for a potential clash.

The CBN’s recent criticism, both public and private, of BDC operators for alleged sabotage and market manipulation has sparked heated debates. BDC operators, however, vehemently deny the accusations and argue that a distinction must be made between market speculators and registered ABCON members.

The conflict is poised to escalate as the CBN has issued a deadline to ABCON for the enforcement of its updated guidelines, aimed at enhancing the efficiency of the Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market. The guidelines include trading margin caps and stricter reporting rules, which the CBN hopes will bring order to the currency trading landscape.

While ABCON’s President, Dr Aminu Gwadabe, assured that efforts are being made to meet regulatory goals, concerns persist regarding the compliance of newly registered BDC firms and untrained individuals masquerading as operators.

The looming deadline highlights the gap between realities and regulatory expectations. Foreign exchange end-users are still facing significant premiums of over 19 percent in the black market, raising questions about the effectiveness of the CBN’s measures.


The mounting tension between BDC operators and the CBN underscores the complexity of regulating a highly dynamic foreign exchange market. While the CBN aims to curb market manipulation and bring transparency, it must also address the challenges posed by unregistered operators and unauthorized transactions.

The introduction of updated guidelines by the CBN appears to be a step towards restoring order in the market. However, the continued divergence between official rates and black-market rates suggests that more comprehensive measures may be needed to achieve the desired stability.

The conflicting views on funding for BDC operators also highlight the complex nature of market intervention. While some believe direct funding is essential, others argue that effective regulation and monitoring can mitigate illicit activities.

Nigeria’s currency, the naira, facing a sharp decline against the dollar, is a reflection of the broader economic challenges the country is navigating. The CBN’s efforts to regulate the currency market are a vital part of its strategy to stabilize the economy and ensure macroeconomic stability.

As the deadline approaches, it remains to be seen how BDC operators and the CBN will find common ground to address market concerns. The outcome of this showdown will likely have significant implications for Nigeria’s foreign exchange market and its economic trajectory.


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