SoftBank Group Corp (9984.T) is set to report a boost to Vision Fund returns when it posts quarterly earnings due to the U.S. listing of Chinese portfolio firms, just as regulatory scrutiny of such firms clouds the outlook for the Japanese conglomerate.
The fund’s listed portfolio swelled in April-June with initial public offerings (IPO) of ride-hailer Didi Global Inc (DIDI.N), “Uber for trucks” firm Full Truck Alliance Co Ltd (YMM.N) and edutech startup Zhangmen Education Inc (ZME.N).
However widespread regulatory action in China’s technology and education sectors has spooked investors, wiping billions of dollars from the value of U.S.-listed Chinese firms.
Didi’s shares fluctuated wildly on regulation-related media reports, whereas Tik-Tok owner Bytedance has postponed listing plans indefinitely, the Wall Street Journal reported this month.
“SoftBank has been touting Vision Fund’s IPO flywheel and four of the last six listings have been Chinese but that will fade as the reality of China’s crackdown sinks in,” Redex Research analyst Kirk Boodry wrote in a client note.
SoftBank is investing through its second Vision Fund, which has $40 billion in committed capital from SoftBank itself, making investments at earlier-than-usual stages as well as late-stage investments, such as in South Korean travel firm Yanolja.
The group reported a record $37 billion net profit in the financial year ended March due in large part to outsized gains from a stake in South Korean e-tailer Coupang Inc .
SoftBank’s share price hit a two-decade high on the gain in March amid the group’s largest-ever share buyback. The buyback is complete, and the price has fallen a third from that peak.
“SBG has previously outlined its intention to address the overly high exposure of its investment portfolio to China, but we think rising global geopolitical tensions now look set to worsen investment returns sooner than expected,” Citigroup analyst Mitsunobu Tsuruo wrote in a note.
SoftBank will likely book a first-quarter net loss of 175 billion yen ($1.60 billion) when it reports on Aug. 10, according to an average of two analyst estimates compiled by Refinitiv. The technology investor regards change in asset value rather than profit as the primary indicator of performance.
($1 = 109.5200 yen)