The British pound slipped in early trading on Monday, hurt by a fall in risk appetite globally, after economic data from the United States and China prompted concerns about their recovery from COVID-19.
Data on Friday showing a plunge in U.S. consumer confidence and data on Monday showing a sharp slowdown in China’s factory output and retail sales growth spooked investors, pausing the 10-day winning streak in European stocks.
The dollar edged higher and riskier currencies lost out – with the Australian dollar leading the losses.
At 0757 GMT, the pound was down 0.1% against the dollar at $1.3852. Versus the euro it was little changed, at 85.035 pence per euro.
As well as being driven by shifts in global risk appetite, a busy week for domestic data is also expected to affect the pound. Focus is on the UK labour market report on Tuesday, inflation data for July on Wednesday and retail sales data on Friday.
Earlier in August the Bank of England set out plans for how it would start to wind down its massive bond-buying programme.
Since then the pound has generally slipped versus the dollar but strengthened slightly versus the euro, as the European Central Bank is not expected to tighten policy as soon as the BoE.
“The recent hawkish tilt by the Bank of England has given the pound an added buoyancy recently, and some decent numbers this week could act as a tailwind for GBP bulls, after recent weakness,” said Michael Hewson, chief market analyst at CMC Markets, in a note to clients.
ING strategists wrote in a client note that investors will be looking for how the data this week compares to the BoE’s upbeat growth outlook for the UK.
“EUR/GBP may well find fresh bearish pressure if UK data remain supportive for the pound, and move back below 0.8500,” ING said.
Speculators’ position on the pound turned net long in the week to Aug. 10, according to weekly CFTC positioning data. This means that the speculative market generally expects the pound to strengthen.